Have you found scars, dark spots and pigmentation on your skin lately and wonder how to get rid of them? Well, this article will tell you about the two best ingredients that can help solve these skin problems in no time!
What is pigmentation?
Pigmentation occurs when the skin begins to get discoloured either by dark patches (hyperpigmentation, light patches (hypopigmentation) or dark spots. These skin disorders are all responsible for a skin pigment called ‘melanin’. Melanin is a natural skin pigment responsible for hair, skin and eye colour.
Even though the pigmentation is usually harmless, there could be certain underlying medical issues that are leading to the pigmentation on the skin and hence it needs to be treated.
While there are many natural remedies to treat pigmentation at its early stages, opting for more advanced methods and ingredients once the pigmentation progresses, can help reduce the pigmentation considerably.
Here are two of the best ingredients to help get rid of scars, dark spots and pigmentation:
Alpha Arbutin is an antioxidant that is a naturally occurring derivative of hydroquinone (a popular skin-lightning/skin bleaching ingredient) extracted from the dried leaves of plants like blueberry, cranberry and bearberry.
Alpha Arbutin contains compounds that can disrupt the production of melanin in the skin and can reduce the appearance of dark circles under the eyes by lightening it. Higher the melanin content, darker the skin colour. A common cause of hyperpigmentation is an excess production of melanin.
Using Alpha Arbutin will help reduce the formation of melanin and improve the skin’s appearance by reducing dark spots, scars, freckles, melasma, pigmentation etc.
Tranexamic Acid can be used for people with skin discolouration issues like hyperpigmentation and melasma.
Hyperpigmentation is a skin condition similar to melasma, where the body produces excess melanin (a natural skin pigment), that causes dark patches to appear on the skin.
Melasma is a skin condition that causes the skin to develop dark spots or dark patches that discolour the skin, caused by hormonal changes within the body. It is a type of hyperpigmentation.
When the skin with dark spots or dark patches come in contact with the ultra-violet (UV) rays of the sun, the production of melanin gets activated and increases. Tranexamic Acid helps to inhibit this melanin production as it can help inhibit the interaction between the skin cells (keratinocytes) and melanocytes (the cells that produce the melanin in the body).
Tranexamic Acid is known to work well with most skin types and has shown good results over the years of its usage. It can also be combined with other skincare ingredients like topical retinoids, vitamin C, kojic acid etc for the best effects.
It can not only prevent the further formation of dark spots or dark patches, but it can also help in the reduction of already existing discoloured patches caused by melasma or hyperpigmentation.
Caution: Although Alpha Arbutin and Tranexamic Acid is known to be safe for use on all skin types, it is always recommended to consult a medical professional before using it on your skin, especially if you have a sensitive skin type.